We use comparative adjectives and adverbs when we are comparing two things.
We use superlative adjectives and adverbs when we are talking about more than two things.
He can run faster than his brother.Comparative
I am the fastest runner in our family.Superlative
- Generally, if it is a one syllable word -er is added for comparatives and -est for superlatives.
- If it has two or more syllables it is preceded by “more” (comparative) and “the most” superlatives
- But if it has two syllables and ends in y (like: tidy, easy, and happy – then the y changes to an i and then add -er for comparative and -est for superlative e.g. tidier/tidiest, easier/easiest, happier/happiest
There are also some irregular forms – check out the table below.
Adjective/adverb -> Comparative -> Superlative
big -> bigger -> biggest
short -> shorter -> shortest
easy -> easier -> easiest
beautiful -> more beautiful -> the most beautiful
good/well -> better -> the best
bad -> worse -> the worst
many -> more -> most
She has a big house.
Jack’s house is bigger.
Paula’s house is the biggest.
Driving a car is easy.
Driving an automotive car is easier
Riding a bike is the easiest.
Rosie is beautiful,
but Poppy is more beautiful.
Snow White is the most beautiful!
Diego Maradona was a good player.adjective
Didier Drogba is better.comparative
Mo Salah is the best.superlative
He speaks French well.
He speaks Spanish better.
He speaks English the best.